Mandating ethanol and biodiesel consumption in the united kingdom

With respect to energy security, 52 to 60 percent of oil consumed in the United States was imported in 2005-2009 (EIA, 2009a). Congress enacted the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) in 2007 (110 P. 140) “to move the United States toward greater energy independence and security, to increase the production of clean renewable fuels, to protect consumers, to increase the efficiency of products, buildings, and vehicles, to promote research on and deploy GHG capture and storage options, and to improve the energy performance of the Federal Government, and for other purposes.” A subtitle within EISA entitled the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) mandates the amounts of biofuels to be consumed each year. (See Appendix A for statement of task and Appendix B for committee membership.) In addition to drawing on its own expertise, the committee solicited input from many experts in federal agencies, academia, trade associations, and nongovernmental organizations in a series of open meetings and in writing to fulfill the statement of task. The use of petroleum-based fuel in transportation contributes about 30 percent of all carbon dioxide (CO) emissions in the United States (EPA, 2010a). (See Appendix C for a list of presentations to the committee.) Box 1-1 shows how different ______________ Greenhouse gases are gases in the atmosphere that absorb and emit radiation within the thermal infrared range, and hence produce a warming effect. Throughout this report, the committee uses the term “biofuels” to specify liquid fuels for transportation derived from biological sources. The legislation was originally introduced by the Commission by 2012 and first set a 5pc cap on conventional biofuels.It failed to pass in the previous parliament in 2013.According to the Renewable Fuels Association, the ethanol industry created almost 154,000 U. jobs in 2005 alone, boosting household income by .7 billion.

For example, models of Ford T ran with ethanol fuel.

During the first month of the biofuels mandate - April to May of this year - only 19 percent met the standards.

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As the largest consumer of crude oil in 2009, the United States was responsible for about 27 percent of oil used worldwide (EIA, 2010f).

The large quantities of oil consumed in the United States (about 19 million to 21 million barrels per day in 2005-2009) contribute to two major problems: energy security and greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions. Congress, the National Research Council convened a committee to assess the economic and environmental impacts of increasing biofuel production.

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Flex-fuel vehicles are assisting in this transition because they allow drivers to choose different fuels based on price and availability.

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